|German TLR ( )|
|35 mm||Contaflex | Agfa Flexilette | Optima Reflex|
|4×4||Baby Rolleiflex (1931) | Baby Rolleiflex (1957)|
|6×6||Altiflex | Amplion Reflex | Brillant | Flektar | Flexo | Flexora | Flexora II | Flexora III | Foth-Flex | Ikoflex Ic | Ikoflex Ia Ikoflex Favorit | Mentorett | Montiflex | Peerflekta | Perfekta | Photina Reflex | Plascaflex | Plascaflex PS 35 | Plascaflex V 45 | Reflecta | Reflekta | Reflekta II | Rica Flex | Rocca Automatic | Rocca Super Reflex | Rolleiflex | Rolleicord | Rollop | Superb | Superflex | Trumpfreflex | Vitaflex | Weltaflex | Wirgin Reflex|
The first Voigtländer Brillant was released in 1932. This early model resembles a TLR but it is functionally closer to a box camera, since it cannot be focused in the viewfinder. It uses 'zone-focusing' for which one has to estimate the distance to the subject. To assist this estimate, three situations are marked around the taking lens: Porträt, Gruppe and Landschaft (i. e. Portrait, Group and Landscape). While TLRs of the same period have a rather dim ground-glass viewfinder, the Brillant has a so-called brilliant finder made of plain glass.
The 1932 version has a metal body. From 1937 onwards, Brillant were made of bakelite, a polymer, and introduced an accessory compartment for an optical light meter and filters.
The next major step took place in 1938, with the introduction of the Focusing Brillant. A small opaque spot is added in the brilliant finder to focus on. The viewing and taking lens are coupled outside the body through gears. After the introduction of this focusing model, the zone-focusing models continued to be produced.
Focusing and controls
|f9-lens model marked in German (Image rights)|
Pre-1938 models use zone focusing. This means there are three markings: Portrait, Group and Landscape (Porträt, Gruppe and Landschaft), each supposing a standard distance or depth-of-field. A small table with the right distances is provided in the manual (see links) or inside the accessory-shoe holder. Different language versions were made for various markets; German, English (their name became "Brilliant"), Spanish, French, Italian, Polish and Czechoslovakian versions have been reported. Apart from this zone-focusing, a distance scale in meters or feet and a depth-of-field scale are provided to let the photographer make an educated guess of whether the picture will be in focus.
Three shutter speeds are provided; B, 1/25 and 1/50s. The aperture can be set at f9 or f7.7 (full aperture), 11 and 22. The latter two are made by rotating a punched disc with between the lenses. A better model with an f4.5 lens with a diaphragm, and 8-speed Compur shutter was also available.
The introduction of the Focusing Brillant added a third way of focusing: a visual focus check on a small dot of ground glass in the viewfinder.
The Brillant is a large range of pseudo-TLR cameras, (box-reflex), and later true TLR cameras. There are many lens and shutter combinations, varied from type to type and in time. There are two body type:
Metal body cameras (1932-37)
- The serial number begins with a letter (D-1932 to J-1937)
- These early models resemble a TLR but it is functionally closer to a box camera, since it cannot be focused in the viewfinder
- There are two models:
- First metal model the front focusing ring has no distance scale, there are markings on the front panel as Portrait, Group and Landscape (Porträt, Gruppe and Landschaft)
- Second metal model has classic front focusing ring, w/ distance scale
- Some metal body cameras from the transition times between metal and bakelite models have no serial no.
Bakelite body cameras (1937-51)
- No serial numbers
- Introduced an accessory compartment for an extinction meter or filters. This 1937 version is known as the Brillant V6
- Most models have a swing door for accessories as optical light meter and filter; some have a rotating accessory door
- The Brillant S (1938), or Focusing Brillant, is the only one with a finder lens coupled with the taking lens. After the introduction of this focusing model, the zone-focusing models continued to be produced.
|Voigtländer Brillant second metal model (c.1937) w/ Anastigmat Skopar 75mm f/4.5, diaphragm f/4.5-f/22 and Compur central leaf shutter, speeds: 1-1/300 +B & T Images by Süleyman Demir (Image rights)|
Specifications of metal models
- Taking Lens: various lenses
- Focusing: manual front focusing, guess the distance; Focus range: 1-8m +inf
- Shutter: various central leaf shutters
- Cocking lever: on the lens-shutter barrel
- Shutter release: on the lens-shutter barrel
- Cable release socket: on the lens-shutter barrel
- Frame counter: a red window on the right side of the camera, advance type, manual reset by a small button on the right side of the camera, after loading the film push the button to the right, number 1 appears in the window.
- Viewfinder: waist level non focusing finder, really brilliant, plain glass, hood opens by a knob on top of it, there is an exposure index on the back side of the hood
- Winding knob: on the right upper side of the camera, no double exposure prevention
- Back cover: hinged, opens with the hinged bottom plate together via a latch on the bottom plate; Red window: on the bottom plate
- Film loading: fit the roll film the place under the bottom plate, take-up spool under the back cover
- Others: Tripod socket 3/8 inch; Strap knobs; Body metal; Weight: 569g
Notes and references
- The terminology used is common to both Czech and Slovak.
- Photo of f7.7 model
- in Voigtländer Camera Collection
- Manual in OrphanCameras by M Butkus
- Focusing Brillant in Roland and Caroline's home page
- Brillant V6 at Matt Denton's site
- Brillant at The Classic Camera, with an interesting note about the Brillant's use of an extinction meter
- Brillant in the Virtual Camera Museum at www.virtualcameramuseum.com
- Brillant section on Retrography.com by Simon Simonsen, Denmark
- Manual for the Brillant V6 in F. and S. Marriott's photographic pages
- Lionel's Voigtländer Brillant TLR overview at 35mm-compact.com
- At www.collection-appareils.fr by Sylvain Halgand