Template:Japanese postwar 6×6 TLR (M–Z) The Toyocaflex[1] are Japanese 6×6 TLR cameras produced by Tougodo from early 1955. They are based on a Rolleicord and by consequence very similar to other Rolleicord-copy cameras, like the Yashica-D. So similar in fact, that many Japanese TLR, such as the Starflex[2] or Skyflex[3] are considered to be rebadged versions of the Toyocaflex.

Versions and operation[edit | edit source]

There seem to be at least two versions of this camera. The earlier one didn't have a bayonet mount. The later one accepts bay I filters and accessories (like sun shades). Both have Tri-Lausar 8cm/3,5 lenses for both the taking and viewing lens. Tri-Lausars are (would you have guessed?) three element lenses made by Tomioka. They do not enjoy a great reputation on the web[4]. There is a focusing knob on the right side of the camera. The distance scale is in feet only. This gives us a hint for which market it was intended. Opposite the distance scale is a depth-of-field table. On that same right side is an winding knob that also advances a mechanical frame counter. The shutter is cocked by a lever at a 10 o'clock position[5].

Speeds and aperture[edit | edit source]

Speeds and aperture are set by levers. Speeds range from B, 1-1/300s on an unmarked shutter. Apertures can be set from F/3,5 to 22.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Toyoca" is certainly the contraction of Toyohashi — Tougodo's hometown — and Camera.
  2. McKeown, p.902.
  3. http://photo.net/bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg?msg_id=00IHsW
  4. 1. http://www.williamsphotographic.com/yashica.html, 2. http://medfmt.8k.com/mf/yashicaa.html. Most of the arguments given however, seem to come down to a similarity in sound (in English) between Tri-Lausar and lousy. Photographically not very convincing.
  5. On the later version. On the earlier version, the shutter is set by lever under the taking lens

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7. Items 627–8 and 1389–91. (See also the advertisements for items 629–30
  • Lewis, Gordon, ed. The History of the Japanese Camera. Rochester, N.Y.: George Eastman House, International Museum of Photography & Film, 1991. ISBN 0-935398-17-1 (paper), ISBN 0-935398-16-3 (hard). P.88 (brief mention only, spelled "Toyokaflex I" by mistake).
  • McKeown, James M. and Joan C. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Edition, 2005-2006. USA, Centennial Photo Service, 2004. ISBN 0-931838-40-1 (hardcover). ISBN 0-931838-41-X (softcover). P.932.
  • Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5. Items 2269–72.
  • Watakushi no ni-gan-refu kamera-ten (私の二眼レフカメラ展, Exhibition of twin lens reflex cameras). Tokyo: JCII Camera Museum, 1992. (Exhibition catalogue, no ISBN number.) P. 31.

Links[edit | edit source]

General links[edit | edit source]

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In Chinese:

Repair notes[edit | edit source]

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