Japanese 6×6 TLR
Postwar models (M–Z)
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Prewar and wartime models and postwar models (A–L) ->
Other TLR, pseudo TLR and medium format SLR ->
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The Toyocaflex[1] are Japanese 6×6 TLR cameras produced by Tougodo from early 1955. They are based on a Rolleicord and by consequence very similar to other Rolleicord-copy cameras, like the Yashica-D. So similar in fact, that many Japanese TLR, such as the Starflex[2] or Skyflex[3] are considered to be rebadged versions of the Toyocaflex.

Versions and operation Edit

There seem to be at least two versions of this camera. The earlier one didn't have a bayonet mount. The later one accepts bay I filters and accessories (like sun shades). Both have Tri-Lausar 8cm/3,5 lenses for both the taking and viewing lens. Tri-Lausars are (would you have guessed?) three element lenses made by Tomioka. They do not enjoy a great reputation on the web[4]. There is a focusing knob on the right side of the camera. The distance scale is in feet only. This gives us a hint for which market it was intended. Opposite the distance scale is a depth-of-field table. On that same right side is an winding knob that also advances a mechanical frame counter. The shutter is cocked by a lever at a 10 o'clock position[5].

Speeds and aperture Edit

Speeds and aperture are set by levers. Speeds range from B, 1-1/300s on an unmarked shutter. Apertures can be set from F/3,5 to 22.

Notes Edit

  1. "Toyoca" is certainly the contraction of Toyohashi — Tougodo's hometown — and Camera.
  2. McKeown, p.902.
  4. 1., 2. Most of the arguments given however, seem to come down to a similarity in sound (in English) between Tri-Lausar and lousy. Photographically not very convincing.
  5. On the later version. On the earlier version, the shutter is set by lever under the taking lens

Bibliography Edit

Links Edit

General links Edit

In English:

In French:

In Japanese:

In Chinese:

Repair notes Edit

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