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There is also a Russian Start Single-Lens-Reflex camera, and the Pouva Start Bakelite camera.

Start series of TLR cameras was made by WZFO (Warszawskie Zakłady Fotooptyczne) in several versions:

  • START in the years 1954-1960 START II in the years 1960-1965
  • START B in the years 1960-1967
  • START 66 in the years 1967 to 1970
  • START 66S in the years 1970 to 1980

This was the first produced after World War II in Poland camera (The twin-lens reflex) type Rolleicord.


  • film type 120 6x6
  • upper lens Emitar 3.5 / 75 (triplet)
  • main lens Emitar 3.5 / 75 (triplet)
  • aperture from 3.5 to 22
  • The central shutter: B, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250
  • X-flash socket
  • shift knob film with the observation counter on the back of the camera and without connection with the shutter (allow execution of multiple exposures on the same frame)
  • Magnifier to the focusing screen
  • Minimum distance: 1 meter
  • additional frame viewfinder

Start B MM04

Start B

by Ryszard Kobus