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[[File:Quality.gif|thumb|Soviet Union best quality logo]]
 
[[File:Quality.gif|thumb|Soviet Union best quality logo]]
 
==Soviet Union best quality logo==
 
==Soviet Union best quality logo==
It is suppossed to indicate that the item which stamped with this logo is equal of any other similar item world wide.
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It is suppossed to indicate that the item it is on is the equal of any other similar item world wide.
 
 
==Factories==
 
==Factories==
 
{{Flickr_image
 
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[[File:Belomo.gif|thumb|150px|BelOMO logo]]
 
[[File:Belomo.gif|thumb|150px|BelOMO logo]]
 
===BelOMO===
 
===BelOMO===
[[Belomo|BelOMO]] (Belorussian Optical and Mechanical Association) formed in 1971 by the merger of MMZ and the Vilejka Factory, and apparently Peleng. BelOMO continued to produce cameras and lenses, cine cameras, accessories, projectors, etc. The plants may continue to use their original logos on the products produced in each plant of the association.
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[[Belomo]] (Belorussian Optical and Mechanical Association) formed in 1971 by the merger of MMZ and the Vilejka Factory, and apparently Peleng. BelOMO continued to produce cameras and lenses, cine cameras, accessories, projectors, etc. The plants may continue to use their original logos on the products produced in each plant of the association.
 
[[File:Fed-first-logo.jpg|thumb|83px|FED logo original]]
 
[[File:Fed-first-logo.jpg|thumb|83px|FED logo original]]
===FED===
 
 
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|image_source= http://www.flickr.com/photos/s-demir/4646445629/in/pool-46195334@N00/
 
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|image_text= FED logo on FED-1
 
|image_text= FED logo on FED-1
 
<small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
 
<small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
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|image_rights= with permission
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
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===FED===
 
F.E. Dzerzhinsky Factory, Kharkov, Ukraine. [[FED]] is the initials of F. E. Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the '''NKVD''', in honor of him the factory was named. The NKVD was the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (= Народный комиссариат внутренних дел = Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, (НКВД = NKVD), a secret police organization of the Soviet Union later known as the KGB. The factory was originally an orphanage workforce was based on youths living and working together in a commune. After the groundbreaking introduction of the Leica II in 1932, Soviet leaders stopped the import of photographic equipment and set the FED factory to its task of creating a [[Leica]] of their own. Only 18 months later, in 1934, the [[FED]] factory began churning out its first clone of the Leica II rangefinder camera. Since then, they have produced millions of cameras, some good and some not so good. The variations in the engravings on the FED camera tops make it worth a special mention, reflecting the changes within the Soviet Union.
 
F.E. Dzerzhinsky Factory, Kharkov, Ukraine. [[FED]] is the initials of F. E. Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the '''NKVD''', in honor of him the factory was named. The NKVD was the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (= Народный комиссариат внутренних дел = Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, (НКВД = NKVD), a secret police organization of the Soviet Union later known as the KGB. The factory was originally an orphanage workforce was based on youths living and working together in a commune. After the groundbreaking introduction of the Leica II in 1932, Soviet leaders stopped the import of photographic equipment and set the FED factory to its task of creating a [[Leica]] of their own. Only 18 months later, in 1934, the [[FED]] factory began churning out its first clone of the Leica II rangefinder camera. Since then, they have produced millions of cameras, some good and some not so good. The variations in the engravings on the FED camera tops make it worth a special mention, reflecting the changes within the Soviet Union.
   
 
===GOMZ===
 
===GOMZ===
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|-
 
|-
| colspan="2" align="center" | [[GOMZ]] logo on [[Lubitel]]-2; [[VOOMP]] logo and very early GOMZ logo on [[Fotokor-1]].<small>Images by Süleyman Demir {{with permission }}</small>
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|colspan=2 align="center"| [[GOMZ]] logo on [[Lubitel]]-2; [[VOOMP]] logo and very early GOMZ logo on [[Fotokor-1]].
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<small>Images by Süleyman Demir {{ with permission }}</small>
 
|}
 
|}
 
[[File:Kmz1logo.gif|thumb|KMZ logo early]]
 
[[File:Kmz1logo.gif|thumb|KMZ logo early]]
[[File:Kmz3logo3.gif|thumb|KMZ logo (1993-Present)]]
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[[File:Kmz3logo3.gif|thumb|KMZ logo early 2]]
   
 
===KMZ===
 
===KMZ===
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Krasnogorsky Mekhanichesky Zavod [[KMZ]] (Красногорский механический завод = Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk), near Moscow. KMZ is known largely for its cameras like [[Iskra]], [[Kristall]], [[Mir]], [[Moskva]] , [[Start]], [[Zenith]] (early series), [[Zorki]] series and some others. Some of these were produced several millions. It also has a large military optics and mechanical engineering division.
 
Krasnogorsky Mekhanichesky Zavod [[KMZ]] (Красногорский механический завод = Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk), near Moscow. KMZ is known largely for its cameras like [[Iskra]], [[Kristall]], [[Mir]], [[Moskva]] , [[Start]], [[Zenith]] (early series), [[Zorki]] series and some others. Some of these were produced several millions. It also has a large military optics and mechanical engineering division.
 
[[File:Kazanlogo.gif|thumb|Kazan logo]]
 
[[File:Kazanlogo.gif|thumb|Kazan logo]]
===Kazan KOMZ===
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===Kazan===
Kazan Optical and Mechanical Plant (КOMЗ) first started to operate on 1940. During the Second World War KOMZ produced a wide range of optics instruments like binoculars, photographic objectives, photo controlling devices, marine range finders, dive-bombers scopes.
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Kazan produced Industar 22, Industar 27,Industar 50, Industar 51, Industar 37, Jupiter 11, Jupiter 37 and Fodis 1K.
Camera lenses was [[Industar|Industar-22]], [[Industar|Industar-27]], [[Industar-50]], [[Industar|Industar-51]], [[Industar|Industar-37]], [[Jupiter (lenses)|Jupiter 11]], [[Jupiter (lenses)|Jupiter 37]] and [[Fodis]] 1K.
 
 
 
===LOMO===
 
===LOMO===
 
[[File:Lomologo.gif|thumb|center|[[LOMO]] logo]]
 
[[File:Lomologo.gif|thumb|center|[[LOMO]] logo]]
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|image= http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5016/5537592306_f4dbc8bfd1_m.jpg
 
|image= http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5016/5537592306_f4dbc8bfd1_m.jpg
 
|image_align= center
 
|image_align= center
|image_text= LZOS logo on Yellow filter on [[Kristall]] <small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
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|image_text= [[LZOS]] logo on Yellow filter on [[Kristall]] <small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
 
|image_by= Süleyman Demir
 
|image_by= Süleyman Demir
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
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Lytkarino Optical Glass Factory (= Лыткаринский завод Оптического Стекла ЛЗОС), in Lytkarino, 100 km north of Moscow. It was a [[KMZ]] satellitссадасд
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Lytkarino Optical Glass Factory (= Лыткаринский завод Оптического Стекла [[LZOS]]), in Lytkarino, 100 km north of Moscow. It was a [[KMZ]] satellite plant, included in KMZ's production union and the most famous for manufacturing various lenses for KMZ cameras.
 
 
===MMZ===
 
===MMZ===
 
[[File:Mmz1logo.gif|thumb|MMZ logo]]
 
[[File:Mmz1logo.gif|thumb|MMZ logo]]
[[File:Npz-penta-logo.jpg|thumb|83px|Plant 69 logo (early NPZ)]][[File:Npz-logo.jpg|thumb|83px|NPZ logo modern]][[File:Rostovlogo.gif|thumb|Rostov logo]]
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[[File:Rostovlogo.gif|thumb|Rostov logo]]
Minsk Mechanical Factory named by S.I. Vavilov (Minskiy Mechanichesckiy Zavod imeni S.I. Vavilova). Founded in 1957, [[MMZ]] was located in Minsk, Belarus, approximately 450 miles SW of Moscow. Initial production was optical glass and the Smena-2 camera. In 1971, MMZ became [[Belomo|BelOMO]].
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Minsk Mechanical Factory named by S.I. Vavilov (Minskiy Mechanichesckiy Zavod imeni S.I. Vavilova). Founded in 1957, [[MMZ]] was located in Minsk, Belarus, approximately 450 miles SW of Moscow. Initial production was optical glass and the Smena-2 camera. In 1971, MMZ became [[Belomo]].
 
===NPZ===
 
 
Novosibirsk Instrument Factory, Novosibirsk (=Новосибирский приборостроительный завод Нпз = Novosibirskiy priborostroitel'niy zavod NPZ).
 
The former name of the plant was Plant of Precision Mechanics, Krasnogorsk and later Plant 69. After the WW2 this plant was known as NPZ.
 
The plant was evacuated in 1941 from Krasnogorsk to Novosibirsk. The plant made various military products, and at least one camera, [[Vostok]].
 
The logo is still used by NPZ, now specialized in telescope making.
 
NPZ factory modern business emblem has a slightly altered ratio than early plant 69 logo.
 
 
 
===Rostov ROMZ===
 
===Rostov ROMZ===
 
Rostov produced viewfinders.
 
Rostov produced viewfinders.
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|image= http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4004/4647069572_bb122fd4b2_m.jpg
 
|image= http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4004/4647069572_bb122fd4b2_m.jpg
 
|image_align= center
 
|image_align= center
|image_text= Valdai logo on [[42mm screw lenses#KMZ|Helios]] lens of [[Zenith]] ET <small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
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|image_text= Valdai logo on [[KMZ|Helios]] lens of Zenith ET <small>image by Süleyman Demir</small>
 
|image_by= Süleyman Demir
 
|image_by= Süleyman Demir
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
|image_rights= with permission
 
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Optical-Mechanical Factory Valdai is located about 400km north-west of Moscow. Very little is known of this plant, but it has been a prolific producer of lenses for [[KMZ]], and Zenit. The SLR lenses were [[42mm screw lenses#KMZ|Helios]] name.
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Optical-Mechanical Factory Valdai is located about 400km north-west of Moscow. Very little is known of this plant, but it has been a prolific producer of lenses for [[KMZ]], and Zenit. The SLR lenses were [[KMZ|Helios]] name.
 
[[File:Leningrad_Electronic_Factory_“Vibrator”.jpg|thumb|Vibrator]]
 
 
===Vibrator===
 
[[Vibrator]] (Leningrad Electronic Factory “Vibrator”)
 
 
 
===Vilejka===
 
===Vilejka===
 
{{Flickr_image
 
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Vilejka Factory, or officially OM RUP "ZENIT". In Soviet times it was known as '''Vileiskiy Zavod Zenit'''. Founded in early 1970 in Vilejka, near Minsk, as a Zenit camera manufacturing factory for MMZ and KMZ. The Vilejka Zenits were apparently intended primarily for home use, and earned a poor reputation for quality. Vilejka, has produced the following Zenit models: E, 12SD, TTL, ET, 11, 15, under slightly different designations. Vilejka is apparently still producing Zenits, i.e. Zenit 130.
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Vilejka Factory, or officially OM RUP "ZENIT". In Soviet times it was known as '''Vileiskiy Zavod Zenit'''. Founded in early 1970 in Vilejka, near Minsk, as a Zenit camera manufacturing factory for MMZ and KMZ. The Vilejka Zenits were apparently intended primarily for home consumption, and earned a poor reputation for quality. Vilejka, has produced the following Zenit models: E, TTL, ET, 11, 15, under slightly different designations. Vilejka is apparently still producing Zenits, i.e. Zenit 130.
 
 
[[File:Valdai1logo.gif|thumb|Vologda logo]][[File:Vologda.gif|thumb|Vologda logo late]]
 
[[File:Valdai1logo.gif|thumb|Vologda logo]][[File:Vologda.gif|thumb|Vologda logo late]]
 
 
===Vologda===
 
===Vologda===
Vologda produced Mir-1B, [[Jupiter (lenses)|Jupiter 21]], [[KMZ|Helios]] 44 and 77 lenses.
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Vologda produced Jupiter 21 and Helios 44.
 
 
===VOOMP===
 
===VOOMP===
 
 
In 1929 the Council of Labour and Defence of the USSR decided to join all optical and mechanical factories of the era under the same name, "Union Trust opto-mechanical enterprises" (VTOMP), (= Всесоюзный Трест Оптико-Механических предприятий ВТОМП).
 
In 1929 the Council of Labour and Defence of the USSR decided to join all optical and mechanical factories of the era under the same name, "Union Trust opto-mechanical enterprises" (VTOMP), (= Всесоюзный Трест Оптико-Механических предприятий ВТОМП).
 
In 1930 VTOMP name changed as the Union of Optico-Mechanical Companies ([[VOOMP]]), (=Всесоюзное объединение оптико-механической промышленности, ВООМП).
 
In 1930 VTOMP name changed as the Union of Optico-Mechanical Companies ([[VOOMP]]), (=Всесоюзное объединение оптико-механической промышленности, ВООМП).
 
Under this name a small number of cameras and lenses were produced in the pre-war years, like folder [[Fotokor-1]], [[VOOMP II Pioneer]] (one of the first Leica II copies made in the Soviet Union). In the transition times, VOOMP and very early GOMZ logos are seen together on the Fotokor-1 cameras.
 
Under this name a small number of cameras and lenses were produced in the pre-war years, like folder [[Fotokor-1]], [[VOOMP II Pioneer]] (one of the first Leica II copies made in the Soviet Union). In the transition times, VOOMP and very early GOMZ logos are seen together on the Fotokor-1 cameras.
 
In 1932 the company was renamed again as "State Optical Mechanical Plant ([[GOMZ]]).
 
In 1932 the company was renamed again as "State Optical Mechanical Plant ([[GOMZ]]).
[[File:Comzlogo.gif|thumb|ZOMZ logo early]]
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===Zagorsk ZOMZ===
[[File:Zomz-logo.jpg|thumb|83px|ZOMZ logo late]]
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Zagorski Optical and Mechanical Plant, Zagorsk (Sergiev Posad).
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Zagorsk produced Jupiter 3, Orion 15, Mir 1, Mir 1b and Tair 3A.
===ZOMZ===
 
Zagorsk Optical and Mechanical Plant (ZOMZ=ЗОМЗ), Zagorsk in Russia founded in 1935. Factory manufactures of a wide spectrum of the optical mechanical and optical electronic devices.
 
Lenses that Zagorsk produced are [[Jupiter (lenses)|Jupiter 3]], [[39mm screw lenses#KMZ|Orion 15]], [[Mir 1]], Mir 1b and [[Tair]] 3A.
 
 
[[File:12cd_01.jpg|thumb|300px|center|Zenit 12SD]]
 
   
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krasnogorskiy_Zavod KMZ in Wikipedia]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krasnogorskiy_Zavod KMZ in Wikipedia]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOMO LOMO in Wikipedia]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOMO LOMO in Wikipedia]
*[http://lzos.ru/en/index.php LZOS Company]
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*In Russian: [http://www.zenitcamera.com/qa/qa-logos.html Logos of Soviet factories] at [http://www.zenitcamera.com/archive/index-eng.html the KMZ archive site]
*[http://www.baigish.ru/eng/about_comp/ KOMZ Company]
 
*[http://www.zomz.ru/en/catalog/?model=149 ZOMZ Company]
 
*[http://www.telescopes.ru/product.html?cat=3 NPZ Company]
 
*[http://www.mattdentonphoto.com/cameras/jupiter_12_ltm.html Jupiter 12 in Matt Denton's website]
 
*In Russian: [http://www.zenitcamera.com/qa/qa-logos.html Logos of Soviet factories] at [http://www.zenitcamera.com/archive/index-eng.html Zenit Camera]
 
 
*In Russian: [http://www.novacon.com.br/odditycameras/unknown.htm VOOMP in Novacon]
 
*In Russian: [http://www.novacon.com.br/odditycameras/unknown.htm VOOMP in Novacon]
 
*In Russian: [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9B%D0%9E%D0%9C%D0%9E LOMO in ru-wikipedia]
 
*In Russian: [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9B%D0%9E%D0%9C%D0%9E LOMO in ru-wikipedia]
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