Salyut is a medium format SLR film system camera, manufactured by Arsenal Factory, in Kiev, Ukraine, former USSR , made from 1957-1974 with quantity 50000. Its successor is the Salyut-S.

Specifications[edit | edit source]

  • Format: 120 roll
  • Picture size 6x6cm
  • Lens: Industar-29 80mm f/2.8 chrome standard lens
    • Mount: Bayonet (Hasselblad 1600 type)
    • Aperture: f/2.8-f/2
    • Focus range: 0.9-20m +inf
  • Shutter: Horizontal focal plane metallic curtain
  • Speeds
    • 1/2 - 1/1500 +B (early types)
    • 1/2 - 1/1000 +B (late types)

Types[edit | edit source]

There are 4 types and 2 sub-types [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

Type 1[edit | edit source]

Type 1a[edit | edit source]

  • 1957-59
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • With Self-timer
  • Activates by shutter setting knob

Type 1b[edit | edit source]

  • 1959-63
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Added a special knob for actuating of the selftimer

Type 2[edit | edit source]

  • 1958-65
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1500 +B
  • Without Self-timer

Type 3[edit | edit source]

Type 3a[edit | edit source]

  • 1965-74
  • Speeds: 1/2-1/1000 +B
  • Black speed dial

Type 3b[edit | edit source]

  • Distinctive feature of type with label "Made in USSR"

Type 4[edit | edit source]

  • No camera name on the body
  • Export type
  • With label "Made in USSR"

Export types with a different name[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. According to Alaxander Komarov in Fotoua. You can also find serial numbers for dating of the cameras in this site
  2. There is another former USSR cameras classification and info by Aidas Pikiotas in SovietCams
  3. There are usefull books about cameras of former USSR and have classifications also.
  4. Pages from the the book of former USSR cameras by Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin
  5. Discussion about clasifications in the books of Princelle and Suglob, Shaternik, Kochergin in USSR Photo Forum

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

In English

  • Princelle, Jean Loup - Made In USSR - The Authentic Guide To Russian And Soviet Cameras, Le Reve Edition, 2004 (ISBN 2952252106 (ISBN13: 9782952252102) Paperback

In Russian

Links[edit | edit source]

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