First manufactured in 1983, the Minolta X-700 was a single lens reflex camera. It featured manual, aperture priority and programmed automatic exposure modes when used with MD lenses. MC lens could be used in aperture priority and manual modes.

The body was made with a plastic frame and encased in metal. The shutter was a horizontally-travelling cloth shutter with a top speed of 1/1000 sec.

The camera was considered the last Minolta manual focus camera body with specifications geared toward professional and avid amateur users.