General description Edit
The top plate supports the advance knob on the right end, a key to open the camera, a tubular optical finder slightly offset to the left and a round plate on the left end. The top plate is removed for film loading, like the Picny and in the same spirit as the bottom loading of the Leica screw models.
Commercial life Edit
|Advertisement for the Lucky in Asahi Camera July 1936. (Image rights)|
The camera is simply called "Lucky Camera" in the advertisement in Asahi Camera July 1936, reproduced above. Two versions are listed and pictured, with f/6.3 and f/4.5 lens, respectively priced at ¥22.50 and ¥33. Both have a folding optical finder, whose front part is inscribed Lucky and folds above the rear one. The f/4.5 camera has a dial-set Elka shutter and an Anastigmat Trionar 50mm f/4.5 front-cell focusing lens, with serial number 371. The f/6.3 camera has a rim-set shutter and a Ceronar lens (see below for a description of the markings). The lens rim is fixed, and the telescopic tube is mounted on a focusing helical, with a distance scale at the base, graduated from ∞ to 1m.
|December 1936||January 1937||April 1937|
|Advertisements for Kinka cameras in Asahi Camera. (Image rights)|
Two different models of ever-ready cases are offered, at ¥4.50 and ¥2.00; the difference between the two is unknown. The picture only shows the f/6.3 model, which now has a tubular finder instead of the folding finder.
Actual examples Edit
Only two surviving examples are known so far. Both are pictured in Sugiyama, and have a tubular finder.
The f/6.3 example is similar to the camera pictured in the January 1937 advertisement. It has a focusing helical, and an everset shutter providing T, B, 100, 50, 25 speeds, selected by turning the rim. The lens name is written on the shutter plate, as on the Picny. It begins with ORIENTAL OPTICAL CERONAR and probably continues with the aperture and focal length. The words MADE BY Y.C.E.W. TOKYO are written underneath. Some of the initials certainly stand for Yamamoto, Camera and Works but the meaning of the "E" is unclear.
The f/4.5 example is similar to that pictured in the July 1936 advertisement, except for the tubular finder. The base of the telescopic tube is plainly attached to the body by four screws. The lens is a front-cell focusing Anastigmat Trionar 50mm /4.5. The shutter is a dial-set Elka, marked ELKA on the speed setting wheel. The shutter plate has a TB logo on the right, and the aperture is set by an index at the bottom. The release lever is attached to the front of the shutter casing. There is a thread on the side for a cable release, and a hole under the lens for a thread and needle release device (a crude replacement for a self-timer).
A third one has been found. https://www.flickr.com/photos/newmexico51/15284423779/
- ↑ Dates: Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.335. The camera was featured in the new products column of the December 1935 issue of Asahi Camera.
- ↑ Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.335.
- ↑ Advertisement in Asahi Camera July 1936, p.A62, also reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.102. It is the oldest document listed in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, pp.335 and 343.
- ↑ Advertisements in Asahi Camera December 1936, p.A58, January 1937, p.A56, and April 1937, p.A65. That dated January 1937 is also reproduced in Kokusan kamera no rekishi, p.67. On p.335, the same book mentions a further advertisement in the November 1936 issue of Asahi Camera, but no such page appears in the copy owned by Camerapedia user Rebollo_fr.
- ↑ Name inferred from the katakana トリオナー.
- ↑ Name inferred from the katakana ヴァルダー.
- ↑ Example pictured in Sugiyama, item 3027.
- ↑ Example pictured in Sugiyama, item 3026.
Original documents Edit
- Asahi Camera. Advertisements by Yamamoto Shashinki Kōsakusho:
- July 1936, p.A62;
- December 1936, p.A58;
- January 1937, p.A56;
- April 1937, p.A65.
Recent sources Edit
- Asahi Camera (アサヒカメラ) editorial staff. Shōwa 10–40nen kōkoku ni miru kokusan kamera no rekishi (昭和10–40年広告にみる国産カメラの歴史, Japanese camera history as seen in advertisements, 1935–1965). Tokyo: Asahi Shinbunsha, 1994. ISBN 4-02-330312-7. Items 67 and 304.
- Sugiyama, Kōichi (杉山浩一); Naoi, Hiroaki (直井浩明); Bullock, John R. The Collector's Guide to Japanese Cameras. 国産カメラ図鑑 (Kokusan kamera zukan). Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1985. ISBN 4-257-03187-5. Item 3026–7.