Krasnogorski Mekhanicheskii Zavod (KMZ) – Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk was founded in 1942 in Krasnogorsk, a western suburb of Moscow on the base of evacuated optical-mechanical plant No.69, in order to produce optical equipment for the Soviet army.

In 1946 the KMZ factory began making cameras, starting with the Moskva folding camera. In 1948 they began producing FED cameras to offset slow production from the FED factory, and by 1949 they made some design changes and thus production of the Zorki began. In 1952, KMZ created an SLR based on some modifications of the Zorki, and thus the Zenit was born.

In 1993 KMZ became the S.A.Zverev KRASNOGORSKY ZAVOD JSC stock company.

See also the article Soviet Factory Logos

KMZ company logo

35mm[edit | edit source]

Zenit 3M

SLR[edit | edit source]

rangefinder[edit | edit source]

Zorki I

compact[edit | edit source]

  • 510, 520, 610, 620

panoramic[edit | edit source]

  • Horizont
  • Horizon 202
  • Horizon 205 pc
  • Horizon S3pro

120 film[edit | edit source]

Moskva 5

folding[edit | edit source]

Subminiature[edit | edit source]

Instant[edit | edit source]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Princelle, Jean-Loup. The Authentic Guide to Russian and Soviet Cameras. Hove Foto Books, 2nd edition, 1995. 200 pages. ISBN 1874031630.

Links[edit | edit source]

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