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CAPTA is the name of a series of cameras and other photographic materials that were designed and manufactured in Spain during the period 1944-1965, first by the Valencian pictorialist photographer Julio Matutano Benedito, who registered the trademark in 1944, and subsequently, upon his death. , by his two sons Julio and Vicente Matutano , who created the company Industrias Matutano SL, based in Valencia.

Background[]

Julio Matutano designed a first photographic camera in 1935, patented under the name NERVA, made of stamped aluminum and 50 mm German Rondestock optics , which used film in 127 rolls and 3 x 4 format. The Barcelona firm Gaspar Mampel marketed it exclusively. It was the first camera with a popular price, 13 pesetas, manufactured in Spain.

In 1942 he designed and patented the PERFECTA camera, made of wood and optics by SACO (Sociedad Anónima de Cristales Opticicos) of Barcelona, ​​a subsidiary of the Indo group , for 127 film in 4 x 6.5 format, and it had a folding econometric viewfinder. It was commissioned by the Valencian merchant Mariano Roig Gior .

First period[]

link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:CAPTA.jpg|right|thumb|150x150px|CAPTA I camera, manufactured in 1944. In 1944 Julio Matutano registered the CAPTA trademark to distinguish his cameras and other photographic materials, and designed the CAPTA I, with a Bakelite body manufactured by Industrias Sintéticas Abril, of Barcelona. The optics were SACO, for 120 film in 4 x 6.5 format. It had the optical sight in the upper turret and showed the initials JM of his first and last name. It was also marketed by Gaspar Mampel, and its price was 101 pesetas.

In the same year he designed and manufactured the CAPTA BABY, a camera intended for a youth audience. It was also made of Bakelite, smaller, with a metal plate on the front and had the same objective as the CAPTA I, for 127 film and 4 x 6.5 format. Marketed by Gaspar Mampel.

In 1947 he designed the CAPTAFLEX, a reflex camera for 52 x 55 mm images. The body was made of Bakelite and the Juviart f: 8.5/90 mm (SACO) lens with variable focus from 1.5 to infinity. The focus was helical thread. It used 120 film and 6 x 6 format. link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:CAPTAFLEX.jpg|right|thumb|189x189px|CAPTAFLEX camera, manufactured in 1948. But, before seeing it on the market, Julio Matutano died in that same year of 1947, and it was his sons Julio and Vicente Matutano Latre who took over the company, in which they had been working with their father since they were 13 and 12. years respectively, combining this work with his studies, first at the School of Arts and Crafts, and then at the Higher School of Fine Arts, obtaining the titles of professor of drawing, Julio in the specialty of Painting, and Vicente in that of Sculpture . The company was renamed Industrias Matutano SL, located at 64 Salamanca Street in Valencia. From then on, the anagram of the cameras became JVM (Julio and Vicente Matutano). Finally, CAPTAFLEX went on the market in 1948, at the price of 375 pesetas.

Second period[]

The Matutano brothers continue their father's work. In 1952 the success of the cameras was such that production had exceeded 100,000 units. For this reason, they decided to call, in June of that year, the “First Great National Photography Contest with CAPTA and CAPTAFLEX cameras for amateurs”, endowed with 5,000 pesetas in cash prizes. The jury was made up of prominent members of the FOTO CLUB VALENCIA and the winning photographs were exhibited in Valencia, Barcelona and Madrid.

The designs of the Matutano brothers were:

In 1952:

  • The CAPTA II camera, with a Bakelite body manufactured by Industrias Sintéticas Abril, and SACO optics treated with blue anti-reflective. The focus is variable from 1.5 m to infinity. It carried as an accessory a 1 m close-up lens with a bronze mount. The marketing continued to be Gaspar Mampel, and it was sold for 246 pesetas, plus 24 pesetas for the close-up lens. Starting in 1955, the manufacturing of the camera was done entirely by Industrias Matutano.

In 1953: link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:CAPTA_35.jpg|right|thumb|180x180px|CAPTA 35 camera, manufactured 1953.

  • The CAPTA 35 camera, 35 mm, in 24 x 24 format. The body is made of injected aluminum alloy, manufactured by Aluminio Dalia (Barcelona). The objective is a rectilinear DIAFAR 1 x 4.5 with blue SACO optics, with a three-speed shutter and the focus is helical from 0.5 m to infinity. This is a higher quality camera, and was used by the company Certex to do comparative tests with their Werlisa cameras . The sale continued to be through Gaspar Mampel.

In 1955:

  • The CAPTA-MOVI viewfinder-projector, which allowed, through a series of steps described in the instructions for use, the conversion from one function to another. The body is made of Bakelite, manufactured by the Matutano Industries themselves, making the molds there and pressing the pieces. This will be the case for all subsequent models. The optics are SACO and the film is 9 mm. The exclusive ownership of the sale is, from now on, Gaspar Mampel Jr.

In 1956:

  • The UNIVERSALTANK developing tank, made of Bakelite, which allowed the development of the main film formats, 24 x 36 mm, 4 x 6.5 and 6 x 9. Its design allowed the film to be introduced with extreme ease to the end in the dark , since the spirals were rotating on their axis, and with a back-and-forth movement of these, the film was introduced without jams. Marketed by LAIK.

In 1958:

  • The CAPTA URANA camera, with a Bakelite body and achromatic WILL-WETZLAR lens, F:6.3/50 mm and variable focus from 1.5 m to infinity. Uses 35 mm film in 24 x 36 format. It has a hot shoe and plug for flash synchronization.

In 1959:

  • The CAPTA LUX camera, made of Bakelite and SACO optics, for 120 rolls in 4 x 6.5 cm format.
  • The SUPER CAPTA camera, with similar characteristics to the previous one.
  • The CINEVID cinema projector, made of wood and metal, with OPTICAL optics, for 9 mm film.

link=https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:URANA_M3.jpg|right|thumb|180x180px|CAPTA URANA M3 camera, manufactured in 1959

  • The URANA M3 camera, with a Bakelite and metal body and CAVEX optics, for 35 mm film in 24 x 36 format. It has a flash shoe. They are also building a machine to reduce the leather for making the URANA M3 case.

From this moment on, the collaboration with Gaspar Mampel ceases and the sale of the products is carried out directly by the company itself, Industrias Matutano.

  • Also in 1959, the OMICRON enlarger for amateurs, made of cast aluminum alloy, with CAVEX optics, 1:6.3 achromatic objective, and 35 mm film, which allowed enlargements from the size 6 x 9 to 10 x 15 , with the possibility of adding accessories for 13 x 18 and 18 x 28 extensions.

In 1960:

  • The OMICRON school use microscope, in cast aluminum alloy and CAVEX optics, for magnifications between 75 x and 175 x and helical focusing.

In 1963:

  • The FIXETA camera, made of Bakelite and SACO optics, for 120 roll in 4 x 6.5 format. The viewfinder was Galilean type optical and the objective had a fixed focus from 3 m to infinity. It has a flash socket. 5,000 units of this model were exported to Colombia.

In 1964 they exhibited at the Valencia Toy Fair, and designed:

  • The OMICRON metal marginator, for sizes 7 x 10, 9 x 14 postcard and 10 x 15 postcard.
  • The YAMIRA camera, with a Bakelite and plastic body and CAVEX Lenfix optics, for 127 film in 4 x 6 format.
  • The OMICRON flash, made of bakelite and metal, and housing for two 1.5 V batteries.
  • The LENFIX camera, also made of Bakelite and metal, with CAVEX optics, fixed focus lens from 3 m to infinity, for 35 mm film in 24 x 36 format.

In 1965:

  • The CONCISA camera, with an injected plastic body manufactured by Industrias Quiel of Valencia, with CAVEX optics, 1:6.3-F achromatic objective. 50mm, 1.5m focus at infinity, for 35mm film.

In 1966, due to serious economic problems derived from strong foreign competition, the company was dissolved.

References/External Links[]

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/CAPTA#Primera_%C3%A9poca

All credit goes back to Wikipedia for i do not own any of these information nor the pictures provided in this page

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